Relation Between Diabetes And Oral Health – Dr. Maxlingo

Relation Between Diabetes And Oral Health - Dr. Maxlingo

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diabetes is the seventh leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States.  Dental or oral infections in a patient with diabetes can frequently lead to loss of control over the diabetic condition. Oral complexities of diabetes include periodontal disease, tooth decay, salivary dysfunction, and pathologic changes. This article will review diabetes and oral health. If you are feeling any sort of pain in your teeth then visit your nearest Evansville dentist.

Uncontrolled bacteria production resulting in oral inflammation and infection can result in mobile teeth. Uncontrolled diabetes can result in enhanced inflammation, delayed healing of wounds, and changes to large and small blood vessels. Failure to reverse these adverse effects by managing diabetes can lead to periodontal disease. This risk directly relates to fasting blood glucose levels. Patients with diabetes have a hyperactive inflammatory response and the bacterial challenge of a periodontal infection results in exaggerated inflammation and periodontal tissue destruction. Over time, this can lead to loose teeth, and eventually tooth loss.

Tooth dehydration is one of the causes of tooth decay. Like our hair, skin and other organs, our teeth can undergo dehydration.  Symptoms of tooth dehydration are dry mouth and tooth sensitivity. Those with diabetes who are experiencing hyperglycemia will likely also experience tooth dehydration because hyperglycemia leads to glucose excretion in the urine. Due to the loss of fluids, saliva production will slow causing dry mouth, which will result in tooth dehydration. Another review was able to identify associations both between saliva and dental disease and between saliva and dehydration.  However, the exact meaning of these associations remains to be fully explained. Evansville Dentist are doing their best

Dry mouth in those with and without diabetes will lead to tooth decay because saliva neutralizes and clean acids produced by bacteria, which creates a balanced pH and prevents the destruction of tooth enamel. If the production of bacteria accelerates faster than saliva due to dry mouth, colonization of bacteria will inevitably damage tooth structure. Repeated damage to the tooth structure results in tooth decay.

Manifestations of several life-threatening diseases appear in the mouth, including diabetes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends screening tests for diabetes mellitus for all persons 45 and older. Those with risks such as obesity and a family history belonging to ethnic or minority groups are also at risk for diabetes. Recent medical research demonstrated that on average, people who maintain healthy oral hygiene home care habits live 10 years longer than those who do not. Those with uninhibited diabetes may require hospitalization until the infection is under control. Establishing regular dental visits for checkups and cleanings will significantly lower the risk of oral complications.

People with diabetes who have poor control of their blood glucose levels are more likely to develop dental health problems. Therefore keeping your blood sugar within a normal range will reduce this risk. Eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise and giving up smoking is also advised to lessen the risk of oral health problems.

Making sure that you visit a dentist every six months ensures that any infection will be treated as early as possible. Minor dental problems can quickly escalate, and a routine visit to the dentist will pick up on these.

Oral and general health

Oral and general health

Oral health is essential to general health and well-being at every stage of life. A healthy mouth enables not only nutrition of the physical body, but also enhances social interaction and promotes self-esteem and feelings of well-being. The mouth serves as a “window” to the rest of the body, providing signals of general health disorders. For example, mouth lesions may be the first signs of HIV infection, aphthous ulcers are occasionally a manifestation of Coeliac disease or Crohn’s disease, pale and bleeding gums can be a marker for blood disorders, bone loss in the lower jaw can be an early indicator of skeletal osteoporosis, and changes in tooth appearance can indicate bulimia or anorexia. The presence of many compounds (e.g., alcohol, nicotine, opiates, drugs, hormones, environmental toxins, antibodies) in the body can also be detected in the saliva. You can get rid of these problems or can precaution to prevent these diseases by visiting Evansville Dentist.

Oral conditions have an impact on overall health and disease. Bacteria from the mouth can cause infection in other parts of the body when the immune system has been compromised by disease or medical treatments (e.g., infective endocarditis). Systemic conditions and their treatment are also known to impact on oral health (e.g., reduced saliva flow, an altered balance of oral microorganisms). Evansville Dentist will enable you to know all the required information about oral and systematic health.

Periodontal disease has been associated with a number of systemic conditions. Though the biological interactions between oral conditions such as periodontal disease and other medical conditions are still not fully understood, it is clear that major chronic diseases – namely cancer and heart disease share common risk factors with oral disease. Recognition that oral health and general health are interlinked is essential for determining appropriate oral health care programs and strategies at both individual and community care levels. That the mouth and body are integral to each other underscores the importance of the integration of oral health into holistic general health policies and of the adoption of a collaborative “Common Risk Factor Approach” for oral health promotion.

Common Risk Factors for Oral Health

Oral disease is the most widespread chronic disease, despite being highly preventable. The common risk factors that oral disease shares with other chronic diseases/conditions are:


Risk factor for dental caries, coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancers, obesity

Tobacco smoking/chewing

Risk factor for oral and other cancers, periodontal disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, respiratory diseases, diabetes

Alcohol consumption

Risk factor for oral and other cancers, cardiovascular disease, liver cirrhosis, trauma


Risk factor for periodontal disease and other bacterial and inflammatory conditions


Risk factor for trauma, including dental trauma.

Control & Stress

Risk factors for periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease

Socio-economic status

Independent risk factor as well as an underlying determinant of other risk factors.

Diet is a risk factor for dental caries, coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancers, and obesity. Diet the foods and drinks we consume to nourish our body – and our eating habits have an important influence on our health and wellbeing. A good diet provides the body with the appropriate quantity and quality of nutrients it requires to sustain health. Deficiency diseases such as anemia and osteoporosis result from the inadequate intake of essential specific nutrients (undernutrition). Overeating or excessive intake of nutrients (overnutrition) leads to obesity, a recognized major health risk factor.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *